This type of abnormal skin coloration will appear at birth or in just a few weeks following birth. Birthmarks are non-cancerous, though a doctor should examine your child if born with abnormally colored skin or birthmarks develop after birth.
Pigmented birthmarks will appear smooth and flat and appear as bruised or bluish or light brown in color, or appear as moles. Moles should be monitored for bleeding, color, shape, or size changes.
Macular stains appear on the body as flat, mild red marks and can appear on the forehead and eyelids or on the back of the neck. Dependent on type and location, some will disappear in early childhood while others can last into adult years.
Hemangiomas are caused by many tiny blood vessels bunched together and vary in severity and can grow rapidly through the first year of a child’s life. There are two types of hemangiomas: strawberry hemangiomas, which are slightly raised, red birthmarks or cavernous hemangiomas, which are a deeper birthmark characterized by a bluish color. Most hemangiomas go away on their own.
Port-wine stains are caused by abnormal development of blood vessels (capillaries) and appear as flat, pink, red or purple mark, and occur on the face, trunk, arms, or legs and can last a lifetime. Lase treatment is currently the only method that destroys capillaries in the skin without causing damage to the rest of the skin.